Zeta Sagittae

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Zeta Sagittae
Sagitta IAU.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of ζ Sagittae (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Sagitta
Right ascension 19h 48m 58.65978s[1]
Declination +19° 08′ 31.3516″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +5.00[2] (5.64 + 6.04 + 9.01)[3]
Spectral type A3 Vnn[4] (A1 V + A3 V)[5]
U−B color index +0.06[2]
B−V color index +0.10[2]
Proper motion (μ) RA: +17.63[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +26.27[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)12.79 ± 0.67[1] mas
Distance260 ± 10 ly
(78 ± 4 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)+0.55[6]
Period (P)8487.9±4.9 d
Semi-major axis (a)0.13605±0.00044
Eccentricity (e)0.7948±0.0019
Inclination (i)132.33±0.41°
Longitude of the node (Ω)340.97±0.68°
Periastron epoch (T)44199.6±5.9 HMJD
Argument of periastron (ω)
ζ Sge A
Mass1.80[8] M
Radius1.7[9] R
Luminosity46[10] L
Surface gravity (log g)3.89[8] cgs
Temperature8,422±286[8] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i)240[11] km/s
Age347[8] Myr
Other designations
ζ Sge, 8 Sge, BD+19°4229, GC 27431, HD 187362, HIP 97496, HR 7546, SAO 105298, PPM 137034, ADS 12973, WDS J19490+1909AB[12]
Database references

Zeta Sagittae (ζ Sagittae) is triple star[3] system in the northern constellation of Sagitta. It is visible to the naked eye, having a combined apparent visual magnitude of +5.00.[2] Based upon an annual parallax shift of 12.79 mas,[1] the distance to this star is approximately 260 light years.

The inner pair is a visual binary system consisting of two A-type main-sequence stars with an orbital period of 23.2 years (8,487.9 d), a semimajor axis of 0.136 arc seconds, and an eccentricity of 0.79.[7] The primary, component A, has a visual magnitude of 5.64[3] with a stellar classification of A3 Vnn,[4] where the 'nn' suffix indicates "nebulous" lines due to rotation. It is spinning rapidly with a projected rotational velocity of 240 km/s. This is giving the star an oblate shape with an equatorial bulge that is 14% larger than the polar radius.[11]

The secondary member, component B, is a magnitude 6.04 star, while the more distant component C is magnitude 9.01 and lies at an angular separation of 8.330 arc seconds from the other two.[3]


In Chinese, 左旗 (Zuǒ Qí), meaning Left Flag, refers to an asterism consisting of ζ Sagittae, α Sagittae, β Sagittae, δ Sagittae, γ Sagittae, 13 Sagittae, 11 Sagittae, 14 Sagittae and ρ Aquilae. Consequently, the Chinese name for ζ Sagittae itself is 左旗四 (Zuǒ Qí sì, English: the Fourth Star of Left Flag.)[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357, S2CID 18759600.
  2. ^ a b c d Johnson, H. L.; et al. (1966), "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars", Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 4 (99): 99, Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J.
  3. ^ a b c d Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x, S2CID 14878976.
  4. ^ a b Cowley, A.; et al. (April 1969), "A study of the bright A stars. I. A catalogue of spectral classifications", Astronomical Journal, 74: 375–406, Bibcode:1969AJ.....74..375C, doi:10.1086/110819.
  5. ^ Christy, James W.; Walker, R. L., Jr. (October 1969), "MK Classification of 142 Visual Binaries", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 81 (482): 643, Bibcode:1969PASP...81..643C, doi:10.1086/128831.
  6. ^ Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015, S2CID 119257644.
  7. ^ a b Muterspaugh, Matthew W.; et al. (December 2010), "The Phases Differential Astrometry Data Archive. II. Updated Binary Star Orbits and a Long Period Eclipsing Binary", The Astronomical Journal, 140 (6): 1623–1630, arXiv:1010.4043, Bibcode:2010AJ....140.1623M, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/140/6/1623, S2CID 6030289.
  8. ^ a b c d David, Trevor J.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (2015), "The Ages of Early-Type Stars: Strömgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets", The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): 146, arXiv:1501.03154, Bibcode:2015ApJ...804..146D, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/2/146, S2CID 33401607.
  9. ^ Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; et al. (February 2001), "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS)", Astronomy and Astrophysics (Third ed.), 367: 521–524, arXiv:astro-ph/0012289, Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451, S2CID 425754.
  10. ^ McDonald, I.; et al. (2012), "Fundamental Parameters and Infrared Excesses of Hipparcos Stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 427 (1): 343–57, arXiv:1208.2037, Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x, S2CID 118665352.
  11. ^ a b Belle, G. T. (2012), "Interferometric observations of rapidly rotating stars", The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, 20 (1): 51, arXiv:1204.2572, Bibcode:2012A&ARv..20...51V, doi:10.1007/s00159-012-0051-2, S2CID 119273474.
  12. ^ "zet Sge". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  13. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 3 日

External links[edit]

  • Kaler, James B. (August 3, 2012), "Zeta Sagittae", stars, University of Illinois, retrieved 2017-07-13.